Ten Electronic Musical Instruments

Ten Electronic Musical Instruments

Electronic musical instruments are necessary to produce Electronic Dance Music or any new-age music. They use electronic circuitry. The instrument outputs an electrical, electronic, or digital audio signal for appropriate inputs. This output gets plugged into a power amplifier, and we hear the sound...


Ten Electronic Musical Instruments

Electronic Musical

Electronic musical instruments are necessary to produce Electronic Dance Music or any new-age music. They use electronic circuitry. The instrument outputs an electrical, electronic, or digital audio signal for appropriate inputs. This output gets plugged into a power amplifier, and we hear the sound through a loudspeaker.

As complicated as it sounds, music’s beauty lies in these complicated compositions. So let us see some of the musical instruments contributing to contemporary culture.

1.      Electronic Keyboard:

An electronic keyboard is versatile in its use. It has been used through the ages, making both classical and popular music genres. This instrument tops the list because of its familiarity and popularity.

Electronic Keyboard

2. Roland Octapads:

Roland Octapads are every percussionist’s favorite. They give the effect of any percussion instrument just by using drumsticks. In addition, this instrument is power-packed with a percussion database of 8 sections.

3. Theremin:

Etherophone, a synthesizer developed by Leon Theremin, later transformed into the Theremin we call today. The Theremin is the first musical instrument that doesn’t require touch. Instead, it has two antennas to sense the position of the user’s hand and converts the electric signals into frequency. The Theremin also marks its specificity by being the first contributor of electronic compositions; then came noisemakers and re-purposed machines.

4. Continuum Fingerboard:

The Continuum Fingerboard is a type of synthesizer. Generally, synthesizers have a range of uses. Artists use them to create sounds using other devices. It is also a music performance controller. Its playing surface uses a touch sensor.

5. The Reactable:

The Reactable is a round translucent table. Its place is in a darkened room. The table itself is the display and is backlit. It has an interactive display with various animated symbols showing a tangible function each.

6. Percussa AudioCubes:

AudioCubes are autonomous wireless cubes. They have an internal computer system and a rechargeable battery to power them. In addition, they have internal RGB lighting that helps them detect each other’s location and the user’s hands and fingers. These cubes interact together to form music. AudioCubes finds its purpose in sound design, music production, DJing, and live performances.

7. Kaosscilator:

The Kaossilator and Kaossilator Pro are compact instruments. Here the position of a finger on the touchpad controls note characteristics. The limitation is the controlled sequences of notes because the pad on a regular Kaossilator is featureless.

8. Eigenharp:

The Eigenharp is a large instrument. It works through big buttons, a drum sequencer, and a mouthpiece. The controller here is flexible and portable. The sound processing is done on a separate computer using the software. This software is open source, and the user can program it as required. Then it is run under Windows and macOS.

9. AlphaSphere:

The AlphaSphere is a spherical instrument with 48 tactile pads. These pads make a sound out of pressure as well as touch. The custom software program produces sound individually or in groups.

10. The Xth Sense:

The XTH Sense is a wearable instrument. It works by converting muscle sounds from the human body to sound. The instrument observes mechanical signals the muscle contractions for this purpose. These contractions cause prominent peaks, and a chip microphone captures these sounds. These sounds enter software programs that sample them and create a library of audio effects.

Different Types of Music: A Guide To What You Should Listen To



Music has been a part of human culture for thousands of years. From the earliest drum beats to modern-day EDM, music has evolved along with our species. However, today’s music landscape is vast and sometimes confusing. With so many styles and genres, how do you know which ones are right for you?

This guide will help explain how various types of music came about, their cultural significance and why they’re different from one another—and it’ll give you some recommendations on where (and who) to start listening.


Classical music is the oldest type of music, dating back to the Middle Ages. It often includes orchestras and soloists, and it can be very long and complex. Classical pieces are often based on themes from mythology, literature or religion.


Live music

Live music is a great way to experience music. You can see how the artist performs the song and connect it with their energy. For example, if they achieve an upbeat song, you’ll feel their energy too! If they play a sad song and there’s no audience reaction whatsoever, that might make you feel sad as well. It’s all about connecting with other people through music.

Hip Hop

Hip Hop is a genre of music that is lyrically focused on hip-hop culture. It’s associated with the subculture of Hip Hop Culture, which includes graffiti art, breakdance and rap music.

Hip Hop has many subgenres, including West Coast Hip Hop, East Coast Hip Hop and Southern Hip Hop.


Country music is a form of popular music that has been around for many years. Some country artists have been producing music for decades, and some are still very popular today. Country music has roots in folk music, but it’s become much more than that over the years.

If you love listening to songs about love, heartbreak and everything else in between, then you’ll probably enjoy the country as well!


Pop music is the most popular genre of music in the world. It has its roots in rock and roll, but it’s often danceable, upbeat and catchy. Pop songs are generally more commercial than other types of music because they’re built to be played on the radio or sell records and tours.


Jazz is a type of music that originated in New Orleans, a combination of African and European music. A small group of musicians originally played jazz; however, it has evolved into many different styles, including Bebop, Smooth Jazz, Fusion, and Swing Music. The instruments used to create jazz include the saxophone, trumpet, piano and drums.


Electronic Dance Music (EDM)

Electronic Dance Music (EDM) is the most popular genre of music in the world today. It’s also a broad category that includes many different sub-genres. While EDM encompasses many sounds, you’ll often hear it associated with clubbing and raves, as well as pop music—but with more of an emphasis on beats and rhythms than lyrics. That said, there are many EDM sub-genres with unique sounds and styles:

There are many different types of music. It can be hard to find the right kind for you, but it’s worth it. Think about what music you like, and try listening to new genres! You might have been missing out on some great tunes for years now.

Electronic Music Genres

Electronic Music

Electronic music is music using circuitry-based music technology to create. It also uses electronic musical instruments and digital instruments. There are a lot of music genres created by fusing and infusing them.

Here is a list of such genres to educate and entertain.


It is quiet. This quality is because it rejects drums in its composition. It has a slower tempo and a vague rhythm sense. Hence it is warmer than other genres.


Breakbeat includes a collaboration of other genres like drum and Bass, garage, hip-hop, and jungle. The drum breaks are from funk and soul records. This alteration makes it apt for dance.


Brostep is similar to Dubstep, only differing in the digital bass sounds, Distortion, and compression. It is also louder and brighter. Skrillex is the biological father of this genre. Purists call it the ‘Americanization of dub step.’



Disco was the classic electronic music born in the 70s. It was distinct in sound, featuring drum machines, rhythm guitars, pianos, and synthesizers. It has inspired pop music many times, along with other genres.


Downtempo has a low BPM spectrum similar to ambient, IDM, and trip-hop. It features quiet drums, soft pads, and delicate vocals.


Starting as a form of reggae music, Dub quickly became a genre of its donning elements from electronic music and reggae. It combines traditional instruments like drums, trumpets, rhythm guitar, wind instruments, electronic FX, and subtle synth elements.


Dubstep is the music of loud sub-bass with saturation, filter/volume modulation, and FM synthesis.

Drum & Bass

Drum & Bass contains many subcultures. It is similar in production to Dubstep and bass music. It has filthy bass lines, heavy drums, and the occasional pop hook.


Electro is different from Electro House and sounds like hip-hop and funk patterns. It is funky as well as entertaining.

Future Beats

Future Beats is not future Bass. Instead, it is a lot similar to hip-hop and trap.



Glitch is part of IDM. It has intricate audio editing.


Glitch-hop combines hip-hop and glitch. The new variety of Glitch-hop is often called ‘Neurohop,’ including the Neurofunk Drum and bass lines.

Happy Hardcore

Hardcore is techno sped fast. It is happy and hence the name. But, it is bright and in a stupor.


Hardstyle is famous for its ‘shuffling’ movement. It is Hardcore and influences Trance. It is bejeweled with euphoric super saw build-ups nowadays.


House is instrumentally manufactured with repetitive percussions. It has many subgenres being one of the major genres of electronic music.


Intelligent Dance Music, or IDM, is a form of electronic music with diverse rhythms and sound design. It has random and rapid velocity changes. It touches lots of layers in the arrangement and is different every time for each song.


Jungle skins breakbeats at ~175 BPM. It pitches up and fragments breakbeats of old funk and soul tracks. It carries Ragga and Reggae music.


Midtempo is a chili made of house/techno drum patterns and kick-clap motion. It is a head-nodding rhythm.


Moombahton combines reggaeton and house music to achieve tribal dance music.


Psytrance is psychologically influencing through its trance tempo and deep electronic Bass occurring on every quarter note. Hence it’s trendy at festivals around the world.


Techno dons many hats. It is deep, progressive, break beat, and more.


Trance has a diehard fan base. To its popularity, it owes its energy and evocative chords and melodies. It has emotionally driven with faster BPM and balances techno and House.


The trap was born before EDM. But after borrowing elements from bass music, it now has two streams – ‘mumble rappers’ and ‘hybrid trap.’

Richest Music Artists Of All Time

Music Artists

Music is an art form, a science, and a business. The business of music has changed dramatically over the years. In fact, it’s hard to find any artist who this change hasn’t impacted. From Al Jolson to Taylor Swift, these are the wealthiest music artists of all time:

1. Madonna

Madonna is one of the richest music artists of all time. That might seem obvious, given that she’s sold over 300 million albums and won 22 Grammy Awards—but it’s still a feat worth celebrating.

Madonna has been dubbed “the Queen of Pop” for a good reason: from her early days as an NYC club fixture to her current reign as one of the biggest stars on Instagram (she has more followers than any other celebrity in the world).


2.  Celine Dion

Celine Dion is one of the most successful singers in history. She began her career at the young age of 12, singing in bars and clubs around her hometown, Quebec City.

Dion has sold over 200 million records worldwide, making her one of only two artists in music history, along with The Beatles, whose sales exceed 100 million units sold separately throughout all formats combined (vinyl/CDs/cassette tapes, etc.). As such, she has amassed an impressive net worth estimated somewhere between $250 million-$350 million!

3. Sean Combs

Sean Combs, better known as Puff Daddy, is an American rapper, actor and producer. He was born on 4 November 1969 in Harlem, New York City. His stage name is an acronym of the full name of his former group, “Diddy – Dirty Money.”

In the early stages of his music career, he used to perform under other names, such as Puffy or Puff Daddy but later adopted the current one for good.

Sean has also acted in several movies, including “Madea’s Family Reunion,” “All About The Benjamins,” and “Maid in Manhattan.” His net worth stands at 1 billion dollars, according to Forbes magazine.

4. Bono

Bono is a singer, musician and activist. He is the lead singer of U2. Bono has been nominated for 22 Grammy Awards and won 11 of them. In the 2000s, Bono was ranked number 88 on Rolling Stone’s 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.

In 2011, Forbes magazine estimated his net worth at $750 million, making him one of the wealthiest musicians in the world today.


5. Diddy

Diddy is worth an estimated $820 million, and he makes his living through various means. He’s the founder of Sean Johns’s clothing line, Bad Boy Records, and Revolt TV. He also has his vodka brand Deleon Rum and owns part of the Brooklyn Nets basketball team.

In the world of music, there is no shortage of famous artists. Some of them are known for their singing voices while others are recognized for their instrumental talents or dance moves.

Musicians may be rich in talent, but they have to work hard and make sacrifices in order to maintain their status as superstars. However, some have made it big financially too!

How To Start A Band: The Best Ways to Prepare

A Band

If you’re thinking about starting a band, you’re in the right place! There are many steps to take before actually performing live shows and recording music, so we’ll go over them below.

Decide on Your Band Name and What Genre You Want to Play

The first thing you need to get started is a name for your new band. A good band name should be memorable, simple, and have some sort of meaning behind it. If you’re having trouble coming up with something that fits these criteria, start by making a list of words that describe the type of music you’ll be playing.

For example: if you’re inspired by jazz legends like Miles Davis and John Coltrane, try using terms like “cool” or “laid back.” Once you’ve got some ideas down on paper, ask your bandmates what they think before narrowing down their suggestions until everyone agrees on one choice.

Once that’s done, it’s time to register your official legal business name at the state level (this will cost around $100). You can also check if anyone else has already registered that name as well as its variations; this way, no one else steals it from under your nose! Now go forth and make sweet music!

Practice Hard! After all, Practice makes Perfect

The most important thing to do when starting a band is to practice. It doesn’t matter how good your songs are or how much talent you have if you’re not prepared to perform them live! If you want people to hear what you’ve got, then they need to be impressed by your ability.


They can’t be impressed unless they hear it in person—and that means that before any shows happen, there needs to be lots and lots of rehearsals under your belt.

Here are some tips on practicing:

  • Practice at least 4-5 times per week for 2 hours each time
  • Use a metronome during practice sessions so that all players stay on beat and consistent with their rhythms
  • Use click tracks when learning difficult songs or solos; this will help everyone stay on track even if one person messes up (which happens!)
  • Listen to other bands of the same genre.

Start Writing Originals

To start, you need to write original songs. You can’t just perform covers of other artists’ songs for your performance and expect the crowd to be impressed; you should have something uniquely yours. By writing original music, you’ll be able to give yourself and your bandmates a creative outlet, which will help you connect on a more personal level.

Writing your own music is also one of the best ways of ensuring that people will continue listening once they hear it since they’ll already know what they’re getting into when they see a show from one of these bands (or any other band).

If you’re looking to start a band, these tips should help you get started on the right foot. Remember that this is something that will require work and dedication. If you’re passionate about music, then it’s worth putting in the effort!

Best Advice For New Musicians


If you’re a musician, you know the industry is cutthroat. There’s little room for error and even less room for failure. The only way to succeed is to constantly learn from your mistakes and build upon the successes of others.

If this sounds like an intimidating process, don’t worry! We’ve put together a list of tips that will help guide new musicians in their journey toward success.

Be a Student of the Game

Once you have a basic grasp of the fundamentals, it’s time to be a student of the game. That means listening to music and watching videos, reading books about music theory, taking classes and workshops (if possible), practicing every day, and getting feedback from other musicians on your work.

music theory

The more you learn from others who are more experienced than you will make YOU BETTER!

Know Your Purpose

Knowing your purpose will help you stay focused on your goals. It will also help you prioritize your time and make decisions more quickly. Knowing your purpose can even make a difference in the choices you make in life.

Be Teachable

You can’t do it all, and you won’t do it all. You will make mistakes, but that doesn’t mean you should stop trying. If you give up because of an error, then you are missing out on the opportunity to learn from those errors and become a better musician as a result.

If someone is willing to teach you something, it isn’t because they want to make sure your musical career fails; it is because they want to help you succeed. Learning from other people puts us in touch with our peers and keeps us humble about our abilities (or lack thereof).

Be Patient

Patience is a virtue and one that you should practice if you want to be successful. Success takes time, and there’s no way around it. So don’t give up on your dreams just because things aren’t working out exactly how you imagined them in the beginning.

You have to be willing to work hard and wait for results, especially when it comes to music—it could take years before your songs are good enough to record or release!

Don’t rush into anything too soon. Keep practicing (or learning) what you’re doing until it sounds right, whether it’s playing an instrument or writing lyrics, or performing in public. More time spent practicing now means better results later on down the road–so keep at it!


When starting as a musician, don’t expect any overnight popularity or success; there will likely be many long hours spent working hard before that happens–but if this truly makes YOU happy, then do not let anything get in YOUR way!

Find a Mentor

Your mentor can help you avoid mistakes, stay focused, and reach the next level. Mentors are inherently good people who are often willing to share their knowledge with others. There’s no one right way to find a mentor—you may already know one in your circle of friends or family.

If not, try reaching out on social media or contacting an influential figure in your field who might be willing to meet up for coffee or lunch. You’ll most likely benefit from having more than one mentor—having multiple points of view will help keep you grounded and prevent tunnel vision when making decisions about your career path, especially when starting as an independent artist without much in terms of resources at hand (e.g., labels).

The Top Most Popular Albums Of All Time

Popular Albums

For as long as people have been making music, they’ve also been trying to get it on vinyl. But while anyone can put out an album, not every album has made its way into the hearts and minds of millions.

We’re looking for something more than that: Something special that transcends what’s happening in popular culture at any given moment in time, something timeless enough for future generations to still enjoy decades from now. So without further ado…

Thriller, Michael Jackson

Thriller, Michael Jackson

Thriller, released in 1982, is the most popular album. It sold over 100 million copies worldwide and won a Grammy for Album of the Year. The album was produced by Quincy Jones and covered a wide range of genres, including pop, rock, R&B and disco. It includes songs like “Thriller,” “Billie Jean,” and “Beat It.”

Back in Black, AC/DC

In the early ’80s, AC/DC was still considered one of the biggest rock bands on the planet. Their previous album, For Those About to Rock We Salute You, was released in 1981 and sold more than five million copies. The band set out to record their follow-up album in April 1981 with producer Mutt Lange at Compass Point Studios in Nassau, Bahamas and completed it by June.

The Dark Side of the Moon, Pink Floyd

Pink Floyd is a British rock band that was formed in 1965. The band’s album The Dark Side of the Moon was released in 1973 and became their most successful album, selling over 40 million copies worldwide.

The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album, Whitney Houston

In 1992, Whitney Houston’s album The Bodyguard was the best-selling album in the world. It is still the best-selling soundtrack album of all time. This record-breaking album held that title for over ten years before being dethroned by Shania Twain’s Come On Over in 1999, which sold over 40 million copies as well.

Bat Out of Hell, Meat Loaf

Released in 1977 and selling over 40 million copies, Bat Out of Hell is the best-selling album by American singer Meat Loaf. The album stayed at number 1 on the charts for 14 weeks and was nominated for a Grammy Award. Meat Loaf won the Grammy Award for Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male for the title track “Bat Out Of Hell.”

Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975), Eagles

The Eagles have sold more than 150 million albums worldwide and are among the best-selling bands of all time. They are one of the most successful recording artists of the 1970s, second only to The Beatles and Elvis Presley.

 Greatest Hits

ABBA Gold: Greatest Hits, ABBA

ABBA (or The Move) were formed in Stockholm in 1972 by Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson and Agnetha Fältskog; Anni-Frid Lyngstad joined them soon afterward.

ABBA Gold: Greatest Hits is a compilation album by the Swedish pop group ABBA. It was released in 1992 and sold over 35 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time. The album includes many hit songs from their years together as a group, including “Waterloo,” “Dancing Queen,” and “Take a Chance on Me.”

These are the top most popular albums of all time. The list was compiled based on sales, streams and, interestingly, some of these albums have been around for more than 40 years!

The Importance of Electronic Music in the Current Times

electronic music

Electronic music has grown tremendously in recent years. Producers now possess the capability to create or ruin a song. Electronic music’s prominence is not merely just one area that it has influenced. Electronica is one of the rare genres that is widely recognized in modern culture. Electronic music is enjoyed by people of all ages, from the elderly to the adolescent. It is extremely important for tomorrow’s young people and adolescents.

The love for dance music

Dance music’s effect might not have been real, but it is a truth. It contributes to the rise of artistic abilities nowadays. You can’t refute its increasing influence among this demographic. Electronic dance music began as an outlet for performers and producers to explore themselves. People desired to express themselves in new ways, which dance music allowed them to do. Certainly, young kids have distinct methods of expressing themselves, but keep in mind that they are exposed to this type of music, making this era extra unique. It’s insane to imagine that secret electronic music exists. It only started getting popularity a few years ago, and it’s now massive. It seemed to have taken off this quickly.

dance music

History behind it

Electronic music has been in existence since the late 1970s. With their synthesizers and percussion computers, groups like Depeche Mode, and others ruled the music landscape. Dance music has changed tremendously over time. It is becoming one of the most prominent different genres in the present era. One of the chief factors for this is that dance music is widely available in the contemporary generation. On the web, you may get a wide variety of electronic songs.

Hip-hop, disco, electronica, grime, and other genres are examples. You may listen to a large assortment of electronic music at no cost on iTunes or through any other subscription service. Electronic music has also grown in popularity among young folks who want to engage in something exciting while doing homework or exercising at home. This sort of genre gives individuals a natural talent without needing to be concerned about being wrapped up in the popular modern media milieu, which is highly conservative when contrasted to other styles such as hip-hop or rock n’ roll songs.

Electronic music is super exciting

As long as they desire, anyone can create electronic music. It is entirely up to the musician to decide how innovative they want their composition to be. They may start manufacturing as soon as they understand what they would like their music to appear like. If anybody wishes to write an acoustic ballad, they may employ instruments like violins and keyboards to communicate feelings via the music. If you want to produce a truly joyful tune, utilize noises that seem thrilling, like strums and chimes.

Top Electronic Music Festivals Around the World:

Music Festivals


Tomorrowland should be on your bucket list if you are an Electronic Music fan. The festival has been conducted annually in Boom, Belgium, since 2005. It is usually conducted for two weeks towards the end of July. However, from 2022, the festival has been expanded from two to three weekends. The venue for Tomorrowland is a beautiful open space that is also a park called De Schorre, used as a recreational spot by the local people. The main stage of Tomorrowland is one of the largest stages of any festival around the world. Guests can stay at DreamVille, which offers a wide range of accommodations and is a great place to form international friends. The DreamVille is complete with a supermarket, salon, jewelry stores, etc., to make your stay comfortable.


Electric Daisy Carnival:

Electric Daisy Carnival is one of the biggest music festivals in North America and is commonly called EDC. The music festival is held annually at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway and is popular for its 3D superstructures. The music festival is usually conducted over three days, including the last weekend of May each year. EDC also has been held in other parts of the world, such as Mexico, the UK, Brazil, Japan, China, and India. Attending the EDC festival is a great way to support the charity organizations such as Rock the Vote, Nevada Childhood Cancer Foundation, Families for Effective Autism Treatment, etc. One of the major attractions of EDC is that you can camp with your friends in Moon Glow Camp EDC or RV Camping. Alternatively, you can also camp in an offsite location in the desert.

Ultra-Music Festival:

Ultra-Music Festival is an annual event that takes place in the picturesque location of Miami, Florida. The festival started in 1999 and has been since held annually during the last weekend of March. The scenic location and the welcoming weather of Florida make the festival even more enjoyable. Ultra Music Festival is also known for its initiatives to support environmental and sustainability causes. Ultra-Music Festival is also known for its worldwide popularity – it has debuted in Argentina, China, South Korea, South Africa, India, Australia, etc. Ultra Music Festival also offers a chance to enjoy underground artists through the lineup called Resistance.

Sunburn Festival:

Sunburn Festival is an annual electronic dance music festival held in Goa, India. The festival was founded in 2007 and is one of the largest music festivals in Asia. You can enjoy shopping, delicious Indian cuisine, and vibrant music during the three days of the festival. The festival is conducted every December in relaxing locations on one of the beaches in Goa. The festival is held across seven different stages and hosts several national and international acts, consisting of artists and world-renowned DJs. Some of the popular artists who have hosted the Sunburn Festival include DJ Snake, Mark Knight, and Afrojack.

Know These Facts About Visual Albums

Visual Albums

Visual albums have been in several ways for many decades, but it is reasonable to conclude that their popularity has lately increased. The VMAs now offers a section called “Breakthrough Long Form Video,” which recognizes the format as a form of art in itself. These albums are simply extended live performances. They often include many tracks and serve as lengthy audiovisual compositions or films centered on melody. Consider visual albums to be a cross of music, film, and cinema.

Rising in popularity

Blending music with images is a terrific approach to ranking up your record in a society where much of our stimuli is visual owing to iPhones, YouTube, and social media. Visual albums transform songs into epic, collective akin to live performances. Because of the intertwining of the supporting images, they boost the impact of the song. Visual albums also generate curiosity in the release of the movie and render it more unforgettable. Presenting the release of the movie like an event makes us aware of the record and enables the musician to express their thoughts on numerous themes aesthetically in addition to audibly.

Rising in popularity

For those who are new to the notion, visual albums are a modern type of art that combines melody with movies. In a visual album, musicians construct their universe by showcasing their musical compositions alongside video focusing on their tunes. The solution to the issue of how a concert film varies from live performances is straightforward.  Visual albums are simply long-form visual films that can include more than one or two tracks. In reality, many, if not every track on a soundtrack album will be complemented with graphics, whether they take the shape of a single extended film or a succession of clips.

Well-known visual albums

Visual albums have crossed a wide variety of musical styles and eras. The appeal of visual albums is increasing, and while numerous people are fighting to have the finest, only a handful are considered to be the finest graphic songs. Although Lemonade is the most current and successful video album, there has been a handful of other graphic songs produced throughout the years, although they weren’t originally called as such. Notwithstanding this, several of them have nevertheless made substantial contributions to famous music and cinematic society.

visual albums

Trapped in the Closet, R. Kelly’s dramatic multi-part R&B narrative is an amazing illustration of a soundtrack album. Every new section of the track was published as a separate channel, but they all work with each other to construct a tale, as do the supporting videos. The program portrayed the narrative of R. Kelly being discovered flirting with some other man’s wife and then appearing to go insane for an extended period. This sequence of songs and films received varying reactions from the public and critics, but it established the basic basis for Beyoncé’s breakthrough single.